Characterization, Modeling, Monitoring, and Remediation of Fractured Rock (2015)


21742-0309373727-450A new publication by the NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS (pre-publication version just released).
From the book’s summary:

Fractured rock is the host or foundation for innumerable engineered structures related to energy, water, waste, and transportation. Characterizing, modeling, and monitoring fractured rock sites is critical to the functioning of those infrastructure, as well as to optimizing resource recovery and contaminant management. Fractured rock is defined in this report as a mass of rock matrix broken up by fractures. That rock may be crystalline with nominal porosity (i.e., many igneous rocks), or granular with varying amounts of cementation or porosity (i.e., sedimentary rocks)

This report examines new developments, knowledge, and approaches to engineering at fractured rock sites since publication of the 1996 National Research Council report Rock Fractures and Fluid Flow: Contemporary Understanding and Fluid Flow. Fundamental understanding of the physical nature of fractured rock has changed little since 1996, but many new characterization tools have been developed, and there is now greater appreciation for the importance of chemical and biological processes that can occur in the fractured rock environment. Findings in this report can be applied to all types of engineered infrastructure and engineered in situ processes, but especially to engineered repositories for buried or stored waste and to fractured rock sites that have been contaminated as a result of past disposal or other practices. Impacts from artificially induced fractures to enhance hydrocarbon recovery (i.e., hydraulic fracturing) are not part of this report.

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